See Sandhill Crane Migration Live From Audubon Rowe Sanctuary

Published: Mar 8, 2010
Gibbon, NE - 
Each spring over a half-million Sandhill Cranes congregate on Nebraska's Platte River in one of the world's greatest migration spectacles. Audubon's Rowe Sanctuary invites nature enthusiasts, bird lovers, and photography buffs around the world to experience the inspiring sight and haunting sounds via a live CraneCam. Images can be seen on Audubon's Rowe Sanctuary website at www.rowesanctuary.org.

From March 6 through April 10 a camera placed on an island on the Platte River will provide outstanding views of Sandhill Cranes roosting by the thousands in the shallow water of the Platte. Nebraska Educational Service Unit #10 provides the web-based services to bring this wild experience into your home. 

The best time to watch the cranes on the CraneCam is early morning, starting from first light to well after sunrise, and from late afternoon until dark. During the day, cranes feed in local farm fields and wet meadows. As twilight approaches, they return to the river to spend the night on sandbars in the river, where they are secure from predators.

The CraneCam will also feature 'Crane Connection' on-line educational programs, an innovative way for students, teachers and families to learn about cranes and to see them in action throughout the year.

In conjunction with the Sandhill Crane migration, the 40th Annual Rivers and Wildlife Celebration will take place March 18-21 in Kearney. The event, presented by Audubon Nebraska, Audubon's Rowe Sanctuary, and the Nebraska Partnership for All-Bird Conservation, is open to anyone but online registration is required.

Featured speakers: 

• Scott Weidensaul — Naturalist, author of more than two dozen natural history books, including Living on the Wind: Across the Hemisphere with Migratory Birds, a Pulitzer Prize finalist 

• Michael Forsberg — Nature photographer, author of Great Plains: America's Lingering Wild 

• Ron Klataske — Executive director, Audubon of Kansas 

• Chris Wood — Cornell Lab of Ornithology

For over 30 years, people from all over have come to witness the Sandhill Crane migration. The arrival of the 4-foot-tall cranes on the Platte River signifies the beginning of spring. In addition to the visual spectacle, the call of the crane can be heard up to a mile away.

Rowe Sanctuary's staff and volunteers take visitors to the viewing blinds on the edge of the river where, hidden from the cranes, people can watch this dramatic scene unfold. Skilled guides accompany all visitors to answer questions.

Other activities include: 

Crane 101
March 7 to April 8 - 9:30 to 10:30 a.m. and 2:30 to 3:30 p.m. daily
Want to learn more about sandhill cranes? Then Crane 101 is for you and your family. This fun, casual program is designed to answer many of your crane related questions. The program begins with an indoor presentation and, if time and weather permits, concludes with a walk to one of our viewing blinds. So bring your questions, your coat and walking shoes and be ready to have some fun learning about cranes! The cost of the program is $3.00 per person.

Family Crane Carnival
March 27 - 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. This is a great way to learn about sandhill cranes with your family. Highlighted activities include: Crane Dancing Lessons; walk and talk with Candi Crane; have lunch at the Crane Café, Face Painting, Crane Photo Wall, and many more fun, educational activities. This event is free to the public, but donations are appreciated.

Crane Watchers' Breakfast
March 27 – 7:30 to 10:30 a.m.
From 7:30 to 10:30 a.m., the Gibbon Chamber of Commerce will host its Fifth Annual Crane Watchers' Breakfast. The gourmet breakfast will be held at the American Legion located at 1029 Court Street in Gibbon. Everyone is invited. Donations are accepted with proceeds going to the Chamber.

Weekend Lunches at Rowe Sanctuary
Saturdays and Sundays March 6 – March 28
The Gibbon American Legion Club will be offering lunches on the weekends at Rowe Sanctuary. The menu includes mouthwatering BBQ and homemade desserts. Profits from the lunches go to help the Legion and Rowe Sanctuary.

Reservations must be made to view the Sandhill Crane migration at Rowe Sanctuary. Tel. 308-468-5282 or register online at www.rowesanctuary.org.

For more information about the Rivers and Wildlife Celebration, visit http://www.audubon.org/states/ne/.

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Crane Fact Sheet

Cranes are among the oldest living birds on the planet. Fossil records place cranes in Nebraska more than nine million years ago, long before there was a Platte River, which by comparison, is a youthful 10,000 years of age. Sandhill Cranes have adapted well to the change in landscapes over time and their populations are healthy and continue to rise.
Here are some quick facts about Sandhill Cranes.
Height: 3 to 4 feet
Weight: 6 to 12 pounds
Wingspan: 6 to 7 feet
Lifespan: 20 to 40 years

Diet: Cranes are omnivorous and their diet varies depending on the season and where they are. The cranes that visit the Platte River Valley feed primarily on grain left in corn fields, which makes up 90% of their diet while here. The other 10% comes from plant and animal foods found in wet meadows adjacent to the river. Seeds, fleshy tubers of plants, grubs, earth worms, snails, amphibians, small reptiles and rodents are all fair game.
Color: Adult is gray with a red crown (bald patch of skin); juvenile is browner overall and has a feathered crown

Subspecies: There are at least five subspecies of Sandhill Cranes, possibly six depending on who you ask. Migratory subspecies include the lesser, greater, and according to some, the Canadian Sandhill Crane. Non-migratory subspecies are the Florida, Mississippi and Cuban Sandhill Crane.

Flight speed & distance: 25 - 35 mph; cranes typically travel 200 - 300 miles in a day, but can reach 500 miles with a good tail wind. When southerly winds start to blow in late March and early April along the Platte, you will see cranes testing these winds for flight conditions. Cranes ride thermals so efficiently that they have been seen flying over Mt. Everest (~28,000 feet).

Nesting: For migratory populations, nesting begins early April to late May. Nests are usually low mounds of vegetation located in wetlands, but are occasionally located in uplands. The female typically lays two eggs, with incubation lasting 29 - 32 days.

Sandhill Cranes and the Platte River
Sandhill Cranes have been found as far north as Alaska and Eastern Siberia. In order to reach these destinations, cranes must build up enough energy to complete their long journey, and to begin breeding. Cranes mate for life, but single cranes dance and display for a mate along the Platte River, the perfect spot to rest; nearby farmlands and wet meadows offer an abundance of food. Without the energy gained along the Platte, cranes might arrive at their breeding grounds in a weakened condition -- where food may be limited until the spring growing season begins.
The Platte River region has a variety of habitats that support cranes. The most important is the Platte River itself. The river is very shallow and sandbars dot the channels. It is here the cranes rest at night, gaining protection from predators like coyotes.
In the morning, cranes shuffle up and down the river waiting for the sun to pop up over the horizon. As the sun rises, cranes head out to feed and loaf in the surrounding fields. During the day, cranes do their display "dance" to relieve the stress of migration and strengthen pair bonds. Cranes are very social birds and in the evening, congregate in wet meadows before heading back to the river for the night.
Adaptations
A crane's bill is very sharp and sturdy, useful when probing frozen soil. Not only is it used for preening, it is also used as a weapon.
When a crane is threatened, it will use its wings to maintain its balance and then jump up and strike at the attacker with its feet.
Cranes can stay warm while standing in near-freezing water by constricting blood vessels in their feet. Arteries and vessels in their legs are right next to each other so the colder blood is warmed before it reaches the body.

Backgrounder: See this Audubon magazine report on the migration 
http://tinyurl.com/ybf5dz4

See video sample clip of the migration http://youtube.com/watch?v=3C77NLSiU-o

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The National Audubon Society saves birds and their habitats throughout the Americas using science, advocacy, education and on-the-ground conservation. Audubon's state programs, nature centers, chapters and partners have an unparalleled wingspan that reaches millions of people each year to inform, inspire and unite diverse communities in conservation action. Since 1905, Audubon's vision has been a world in which people and wildlife thrive. Audubon is a nonprofit conservation organization. Learn more at www.audubon.org and @audubonsociety.

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