Bird Island is located on the North Carolina?South Carolina border (the southwestern end of Bird Island is in South Carolina). It is one of the few undeveloped barrier islands remaining in southern North Carolina. Luckily, Bird Island will remain undeveloped and will be protected forever as part of the North Carolina Coastal Reserve Program system, thanks to the determination and commitment of the Bird Island Preservation Society. The society worked hard for more than a decade to acquire and protect the island. In addition to barrier island beach and dunes, the Bird Island site includes extensive saltmarsh that supports a variety of bird species throughout the year. The Twin Lakes portion of this site consists of two freshwater ponds bounded by residential development and a golf course, and adjacent saltmarsh on the mainland. The lakes provide a resting area and roost for Wood Storks and other species of waterbirds.

Ornithological Summary

This is the only site in North Carolina where Wood Storks occur regularly. The species does not nest at this site and is not known to nest in North Carolina.

Conservation Issues

Human disturbance, residential and commercial development, introduced predators, and recreational development and overuse.

The ponds, surrounding trees, water quality, hydrology and a sufficient buffer zone to roosts should be maintained. Nesting sites for beach-nesting birds such as Wilson?s Plovers, American Oystercatchers, Willets, terns and skimmers should be located, posted, patrolled and monitored during the nesting season. Surveys of landbirds and waterfowl during breeding and migration, and over winter, are lacking and needed. Current surveys of shorebirds and wading birds need to continue.


The barrier island and saltmarsh are part of the Bird Island Coastal Reserve protected and managed by the North Carolina Coastal Reserve Program. The lakes are in private ownership and are not afforded protection.


freshwater pond, saltmarsh

Land Use

Residential development, recreation, and hunting.

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