Boundary Creek WMA is located on the west side of the Kootenai River Valley, immediately south of the Canadian border, and is situated at the foot of the Selkirk Mountains. Approximately 1,241 acres lie within the floodplain of the Kootenai River, protected by a series of dikes. Until 1999, the site was drained for agricultural use. At which time it was acquired by the Idaho Department of Fish and Game. In Spring 2002 it was flooded for the first time, and restoration efforts continue today. Boundary Creek now contains grasslands, 550 acres of wetlands and mixed conifer forests.

Ornithological Summary

Large concentrations of waterfowl (5,000+) and shorebirds (1,000+) use this area during migration. Multiple species of waterfowl and shorebirds (Spotted Sandpiper, Killdeer, Wilson?s Snipe, and Wilson?s Phalarope) nest here, as well as Soras, Pied-billed Grebes, American Coots, and potentially American Bitterns. One pair of Bald Eagles has nested at Boundary Creek annually since 1992. Black Terns are beginning to utilize this area during the breeding season, and will likely nest here in the future.

Conservation Issues

The major issue at Boundary Creek is that the water sources are contaminated from old mining operations. Research is under way to look at contamination within the WMA, and wetland restoration is an active part of the management at this site.


Extensive wetlands that are being restored to their historic state. Relatively undisturbed mixed forest habitat of conifer and cottonwood/birch riparian. Also consists of floodplain forest and meadows.

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