Important Bird Areas

Brevard Scrub Ecosystem

Florida

Batchelor Tract, 8.9 ha
Dicerandra Scrub Sanctuary, 17 ha
Enchanted Forest Sanctuary, 175 ha
Fox Lake Tract, 1495 ha
Jordan Boulevard Tract, 143 ha
Malabar Scrub Sanctuary, 159 ha
Micco Scrub Sanctuary, 535 ha
North Rockledge Sanctuary, 56 ha
South Babcock-Ten Mile Ridge Tract, 21 ha
Tico Scrub Sanctuary, 20 ha
Valkaria Scrub Sanctuary, 184 ha
Sites targeted but not acquired through Brevard Coastal Scrub Ecosystem CARL-FF Project: Grissom Parkway, Jordan Boulevard, Malabar, Malabar Expansion, Micco, Micco Expansion, Rockledge, South Babcock, Ten Mile Ridge, Titusville Wellfield, Valkaria, and Valkaria-Micco Expansion

On the mainland in central and southern Brevard County, along Interstate 95 from just north of State Road 50 south to St. Sebastian River State Buffer Preserve. Parts are contiguous with the St. Sebastian River State Buffer Preserve IBA to the south, near the St. Johns River National Wildlife Refuge IBA to the north and south, and near the Upper St. Johns River Basin IBA to the west.

All significant xeric oak scrub sites remaining on the Brevard County mainland, growing on ridge systems that represent coastal dunes during periods of higher sea levels. The Brevard Coastal Scrub Ecosystem CARLFF Project is one of two State acquisition projects targeting the preservation of scrub flora and fauna.

Ownership: State of Florida (Enchanted Forest Sanctuary and Micco Scrub Sanctuary, both managed by Brevard County), Brevard County Parks and Recreation Department (Batchelor Tract, Dicerandra Scrub Sanctuary, Jordan Boulevard Tract, Malabar Scrub Sanctuary, North Rockledge Sanctuary, South BabcockTen Mile Ridge Tract, Tico Scrub Sanctuary, and Valkaria Scrub Sanctuary), St. Johns River Water Management District (Fox Lake Tract), and private owners (remaining acreage of the Brevard Coastal Scrub Ecosystem CARLFF Project)

Ornithological Summary

This IBA is essential for maintaining a viable population of Florida Scrub-Jays in the region. Scrub-Jays on the mainland appear to be completely isolated from those on Merritt Island and Cape Canaveral by the Indian River, so preservation of the mainland population is needed to maintain genetic variability. Only a rudimentary bird list is available.

Conservation Issues

*development, *habitat succession

All sites are under extreme threat of residential and commercial development. Three sites that were targeted in the 1990s for acquisition (Canova Beach, Condev, and Wickham Road, representing 1874 acres; 758 hectares) were destroyed by development or were otherwise rendered unsuitable for public acquisition by early 2001 +(DEP 2001). Furthermore, habitats on the sites are extremely overgrown from decades of fire exclusion, and scrub-jay populations continue to decline.

Ownership

State of Florida (Enchanted Forest Sanctuary and Micco Scrub Sanctuary, both managed by Brevard County), Brevard County Parks and Recreation Department (Batchelor Tract, Dicerandra Scrub Sanctuary, Jordan Boulevard Tract, Malabar Scrub Sanctuary, North Rockledge Sanctuary, South Babcock?Ten Mile Ridge Tract, Tico Scrub Sanctuary, and Valkaria Scrub Sanctuary), St. Johns River Water Management District (Fox Lake Tract), and private owners (remaining acreage of the Brevard Coastal Scrub Ecosystem CARL?FF Project).

Habitat

*pine flatwoods, *xeric oak scrub, *sand pine scrub, dry prairie, cypress swamp, bayhead, freshwater marsh

Land Use

*conservation, recreation

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