Buckshutem Wildlife Management Area (WMA) is located in the center of Cumberland County. Its western portion is comprised of approximately 3000 acres of mixed forest and hardwood swamps. Its eastern portion contains a mix of fallow and agricultural fields interspersed with woods.

Ornithological Summary

Conservation Concern - State-threatened: Grasshopper Sparrow (B)

Conservation Concern - State-threatened: Savannah Sparrow (B)

Conservation Concern - State-threatened: Barred Owl (B)

Regional Responsibility Species - BCR 30 Shrub-scrub:Prairie Warbler, Field Sparrow, Eastern Towhee, Pine Warbler, Brown Thrasher, Northern Bobwhite (B)

Regional Responsibility Species - BCR 30 Mixed Upland Forest: Acadian Flycatcher, Baltimore Oriole, Gray Catbird, Carolina Chickadee, Black-and-white Warbler, Wood Thrush, Yellow-throated Vireo, Yellow-billed Cuckoo, Worm-eating Warbler, Whip-poor-will, Scarlet Tanager, Eastern Wood-pewee, Northern Flicker, Eastern Tufted Titmouse, Great Crested Flycatcher (B)

Significant Migrant Stopover/Flyover-Landbirds (SM,FM)

Conservation Issues

Buckshutem WMA is protected from development but nearby residential development and non-compatible agricultural practices negatively impact the IBA by increasing habitat loss and fragmentation. Additional protection and restoration of agricultural lands, upland forests and wetlands adjacent to the site is necessary. This can be accomplished by promoting landowner incentives for protecting and managing habitat and by prioritizing parcels for acquisition. In 2002, the NJ Department of Environmental Protection?s Division of Fish and Wildlife (NJDFW) worked with several partners to develop and implement a restoration plan for 128 acres of early successional habitats at Buckshutem WMA. This plan addressed the loss of open habitats and savannas, large areas of grasses interspersed with trees, due primarily to changes in farming practices and suburban development. Approximately 105 acres of savanna was created by reducing the canopy cover which allowed the openings to revegetate with forbs, weeds and warm and cool season grasses. Snags were left to provide feeding and nesting sites for state-threatened Red-headed Woodpeckers. Grassland fields were also created adjacent to the savanna by mowing and seeding. Impacts from these management activities will be monitored to allow NJDFW to maintain the habitats and appropriately respond to the habitat changes.

Ownership

Owned By: New Jersey Fish and Wildlife
Contact: Tony Petrongolo, Chief of Lands Mgmt.
PO Box 400
Trenton, NJ
08925 Phone: (609) 984-1401
E-mail: tony.petrongolo@dep.state.nj.us

Habitat

Mixed woods with hardwood swamps and fallow fields

Land Use

The primary use of the site is as a wildlife management area. It has a limited numberof trails that are used by visitors. Some of the eastern portion of the site is used for agriculture.

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