This site includes Buffalo Creek, Little Buffalo Creek, Cornplanter Run, Rough Run, Snipes Run, Patterson Creek, and Marrowbone Run. The deep "canyon" of Little Buffalo and Buffalo creeks are largely wooded and contain extensive tracts of hemlock, moist deciduous forests, and large stands of American Sycamore. These valleys contain some of the best bird habitat and most interesting scenery in the area. The site focuses on Buffalo Creek and its tributaries, but also continues into upland areas where forests are relatively unfragmented.

Directions: From Freeport, follow Rt. 356 W to Rt. 28 N. Turn left onto SR 3023, follow into the core of the site at Iron Bridge.

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Ornithological Summary

The area is characterized as a mixing zone between southern (Yellow-throated Warbler, Cerulean Warbler, Yellow-throated Vireo, Acadian Flycatcher) and northern (Magnolia Warbler, Brown Creeper, Purple Finch) fauna. The avifauna mirrors the diversity and intact character of the site.

Conservation Issues

Natural pests and disease, recreational development/overuse, and excessive or inappropriate forestry practices are all potential threats to the site. Buffalo Creek Valley runs adjacent to Todd Sanctuary. The sanctuary is managed as a natural area, protecting the upland and ravine forests typical to the area. Buffalo Creek Valley has been recognized as an area of high biological diversity and rare/endangered species.

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