Caesar's Head State Park is mountainous terrain, consisting of Oak/Hickory deciduous forest along ridgelines with mixed Rhododendron and Mountain Laurel understory. In the NW corner is a mountain cove forest. Cliffs, rock outcrops, streams and springs are abundant. The Blue Ridge Escarpment crosses the park creating extreme changes in elevation (3266 feet to 1200 feet). The park maintains 52 miles of hiking trails.
Between 2 and 10 Bald Eagles are seen each migration. WatchListed Wood Thrushes, Black-throated Blue Warblers, Kentucy Warblers, Swainson's Warblers, and Worm-eating Warblers are found at Caesar's Head SP. Large concentrations of Black-throated Blue Warblers and Worm-eating Warblers are recorded. Thousands of raptors have been counted each fall since 1988 during the Fall Migration Hawkwatch. 163 species of birds have been observed with 57 confirmed breeding species. Caesar's Head SP is cited as an Important Bird Research Area.
Overuse of hiking trails causing soil compaction and erosion, is a primary concern. Some sections of trails are in close proximitiy to sensitive habitats containing threatened/endangered species. Invasive plant species, Kudzu, Anthranose, Tree of Heaven, compete with native species. Increase in residential development along park boundaries contributes to air pollution and fragmentation of habitat especially for birds.
Conservation measure in progress are: (1) Trail maintenance to control or repair erosion problems throughout the year. Reroutes are planned for trails or secions that are not sustainable. (2) Management plan for control/removal of invasive, introduced species. (3) Remarking park boundaries, pursuing Heritage Trust designation in areas of park with significant natural history elements.
Caesar's Head State Park is owned and operated by the state of SC
Land use is primarily wildlife conservation/natural area and secondarily recreation/tourism.