Caswell Game Lands is an Important Bird
Area in north-central North Carolina near the town of Yanceyville. The site is characterized by rolling hills with heavy clay soils, mixed woodlands, and bottomland hardwood forest. Mixed forest contains all age classes, the oldest being
from hardwoods 100 or more years old, while the bottomland hardwoods average 80 or so years. The site contains excellent second-growth hardwood forest. It also has agricultural areas that are rotated for crops that include small grain and legumes. In addition, there are beaver ponds and managed waterfowl impoundments.

Ornithological Summary

The site supports the state's largest population of wild turkey and is a key migration corridor for raptors. The site also has significant acreage of bottomland hardwood forest that supports breeding neotropical migrant and other songbirds (Criteria 3). Black Vultures roosts with as many as 500 individuals are present on the site during fall migration. This may be one of the largest Black Vulture roosts in the state.

Conservation Issues

No major threats, though cowbird parasitism is a potential threat.

No major conservation issues. Continuing surveys of landbirds during breeding season, migration periods, and winter are needed. Northern Bobwhite calling surveys and Bachman?s Sparrow surveys are needed to
investigate the game land?s global Important Bird Area status.


The entire tract is protected and managed by the North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission.


coniferous forest, mixed forest, bottomland hardwoods, agriculture,

Land Use

Wildlife conservation, forestry, hunting.

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