The Cedar Swamp and Farber Tract is located immediately north of Wawayanda Lake within Wawayanda State Park. This site consists of mature deciduous and mixed forest as well as and many remote Atlantic white cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides) and black spruce (Picea mariana) swamps. This area of Wawayanda State Park is part of a continuous forest patch spanning over 10,000 acres and is also contained within the Wawayanda Macrosite, a Natural Heritage Priority Site. The NJ Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP) designates these sites as the state?s most significant natural areas. This site is located within the Highlands Preservation Area, a region of exceptional natural resource value designated by NJDEP?s Highlands Water Protection and Planning Act (Highlands Act). This act preserves open space and protects NJ?s diversity of natural resources.

Ornithological Summary

Species of Conservation Concern ? State-endangered: Red-shouldered Hawk (B)

Conservation Concern ? State-endangered: Northern Goshawk (B)

Conservation Concern ? State-special Concern: Cerulean Warbler (B)

Conservation Concern - State-special Concern: Nashville Warbler (B) (only after new ENSP listings are official)

Conservation Concern ? State-special Concern: Canada Warbler (B)

Conservation Concern ? State-special Concern: Solitary Vireo (B)

Conservation Concern ? State-special Concern: Winter Wren (B)

Conservation Concern ? Conservation Priority: Ruffed Grouse (B)

Conservation Concern ? Conservation Priority: Northern Saw Whet Owl(B)

Regional Responsibility Species - BCR 28 Forest: Worm-eating Warbler, Acadian Flycatcher, Hooded Warbler, wood Thrush, Eastern Wood-Pewee, Louisiana Waterthrush, Yellow-throated Vireo, Eastern Towhee (B)

Regional Responsibility Species - BCR 28 Scrub-shrub/Barrens: Eastern Towhee, Golden-winged Warblers, American Woodcock (B)

Significant Congregations-Exceptional Diversity - Landbirds (B)

Conservation Issues

This site is protected from development as part of Wawayanda State Park; however, nearby residential development results in increased habitat loss and fragmentation of the region?s contiguous habitats. Expanding development likely degrades the water quality of Wawayanda Creek and the site?s wetlands by increasing inputs of point and nonpoint sources of pollution. Development also results in greater human disturbance of nesting birds and habitat, particularly through unregulated off-road vehicle use. Protection and restoration efforts targeting privately-owned upland habitats of this site should prioritize lands for acquisition and promote the various state and federal incentive programs that compensate landowners for habitat restoration. Additional threats include overabundant deer, cowbird parasitism and invasive species. Overabundant deer can severely reduce forest regeneration and alter structure by browsing heavily on native plants and the buds and young shoots of woody shrubs and saplings. Coupled with fragmentation caused by development, over browsing by deer also facilitates the establishment of many aggressive, nonnative plant species that outcompete native vegetation. In particular, Japanese stilt grass (Microstegium vimineum) and garlic-mustard (Alliaria petiolata) are affecting forest habitats by reducing habitat structure. Many nesting birds are now parasitized by Brown-headed Cowbirds. Cowbirds lay their eggs in the nests of other birds ultimately compromising the parents? ability to raise their own chicks. A number of exotic pests and diseases, including the hemlock wooly adelgid and bacterial leaf scorch, threaten forest health. Forest management to protect and preserve habitat quality for Northern Goshawk is recommended.

Ownership

Owned By: NJ Division of Parks & Forestry
Contact: Bill Foley, Superintendent
885 Warwick Turnpike
Hewitt
Vernon, NJ
07462

Habitat

Mixed upland forest, shrub-scrub and forested wetland

Land Use

Site is a natural area/park that primarily used for multipurpose recreation and tourism. Some forestry also occurrs on the property.

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