Dutch Mountain Wetlands is a collective name for an archipelago of boreal conifer swamps and shrub-scrub wetlands on the east tongue of the Allegheny Plateau. coalbed Swamp and several nearby wetlands are included in the site. Some of the largest and oldest Red Spruce in the state dominate the area and form dense stands. Eastern hemlock, Black Spruce, Eastern Larch, Red Maple, Black Gum, and Yellow Birch are also prominent trees. ferns, sedges, and a variety of herbs and forbs provide dense ground cover. Shrubs and conifer saplings provide dense mid or shrub story. The area is home to the rare Hoary Bat and Snowshoe Hare. This is part of one of the largest "roadless" areas in the state.
Directions: McCarroll's Corner east on SR 3001 to SGL parking lot at Camp Earl. Go north 2.5 miles.
For conservation plan, click here
For fact sheet, click here
Many of the species of Coalbed Swamp are forest interior or area sensitive species: Barn Owl, Brown Creeper, Pileated Woodpecker, Scarlet Tanager, Sharp-shinned Hawk, etc. This area also may contain the state's largest population of Yellow-bellied Flycatchers. Blackpoll Warblers were found in Coalbed in 1993 by PDNI and confirmed nesting since. The site is the only known confirmed breeding site of this species in Pennsylvania.
Coalbed Swamp has not been significantly altered in 75 years and needs to be given special protection from environmental degradation. The drainage ways from these swamps should not be blocked and the integrity of the headwaters should be maintained. Potential threats to the site include excessive use of ATV's, over-grazing by deer, the development of roads, and damage done by Elm Spanworms.
The Pennsylvania Game Commssion (PGC) purchased this tract from private landowners to secure it for public use. The PGC gates large sections of the game lands and posts and patrols against ATV use.