The Holgate Unit of the Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge is located at the southern tip of Long Beach Island and is part of Forsythe?s designated Wilderness Area. It consists of more than 400 acres of barrier beaches, dunes and tidal salt marsh. One of New Jersey?s last remaining undeveloped barrier islands, this Natural Heritage Priority Site is an important and productive area for beachnesting birds. This site has also been designated a globally significant IBA by National Audubon for supporting breeding Piping Plovers.

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Ornithological Summary

Conservation Concern ? Federally-threatened; State-endangered: Piping Plover (B)

Conservation Concern ? State-endangered: Black Skimmer (B)

Conservation Concern ? Federally-endangered; State-endangered: Least Tern (B)

Conservation Concern ? State-special Concern: American Oystercatcher (B)

Significant Congregations - Exceptional Single Species Concentration: American Oystercatcher (B)

Conservation Issues

Human activities such as recreational boating and off-leash dog walking near and within Holgate contribute to severe erosion, loss of habitat and disturbance to beach-nesting birds. To protect nesting birds from disturbance, Holgate is closed to the public during the breeding season. Predation by mammals and gulls also threatens the reproductive success of beach nesting birds at Holgate. Current efforts to deter predators include fencing and nest exclosures.


Owned By: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge
Contact: Steve Atzert
P.O. Box 72
Great Creek Road
Oceanville, NJ
08231 Phone: (609) 652-1474


Barrier beach, dunes and tidal wetland

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