Bahia Honda State Park (491 acres; 198 hectares), Crocodile Lake National Wildlife Refuge (6686 acres; 2705 hectares), Curry Hammock State Park (1218 acres; 492 hectares), John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park (2350 upland acres; 951 hectares), Key Largo Hammock State Botanical Site (2339 acres; 946 hectares), Long Key State Park (1083 acres; 438 hectares), and National Key Deer Refuge (8649 acres; 3500 hectares). Sites targeted for public acquisition through the Florida Keys Ecosystem CARLFF Project (8566 acres [3466 hectares], 2531 acres [1024 hectares] acquired, with some now known as Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Areas [1809 acres; 732 hectares]) are: Big Torch Key, Cudjoe Key, Dove Creek Hammock, Grassy Key, Green Turtle Hammock, Key Largo Narrows Hammock, Lake San Pedro Hammock, Largo Sound Hammock, Little Knockemdown Key, Little Torch Key, Lower Matecumbe Hammock, Middle Torch Key, Newport, North Creek Hammock, North Layton Hammock, Pennekamp North Hammock, Point Charles Hammock, Ramrod Key, Snake Creek Hammock, Stirrup Key Hammock, Sugarloaf Key, Summerland Key, Tavernier Creek Hammock, Teatable Hammock, Vaca Cut, and Wahoo Key. Boot Key (650 acres; 263 hectares) is not currently sought for public acquisition, but this option should be pursued.

Ornithological Summary

significant populations of Endangered, Threatened, Special Concern, and FCREPA species; significant numbers and diversity of raptors and Neotropical migrants; complete avian diversity of mangrove forest species and tropical hammock species; and significant natural habitats

These hammocks are essential for the survival of White-crowned Pigeons in the United States, which nest on mangrove keys in Florida Bay but forage in tropical hammocks on the Mainline Keys. The hammocks are also Significant stopover areas for Neotropical migrants, and the hammocks and mangrove forests are breeding habitat for several other primarily West Indian birds restricted in North America to extreme southern Florida (e.g., Mangrove Cuckoo, Gray Kingbird, Black-whiskered Vireo, ?Florida? Prairie Warbler, and ?Cuban? Yellow Warbler). Overall diversity is at least 143 native species.

Conservation Issues

*development, human disturbance, exotic plants

The unique tropical hardwood hammocks and pine rocklands of the Florida Keys?forests composed primarily of West Indian vegetation?shelter several extremely rare animals, but are being lost at a rapid rate due to development. If acquired completely, sites of the Florida Keys Ecosystem CARL?FF Project, together with existing conservation areas, will protect all significant, unprotected hardwood hammocks remaining in the Keys, as well as populations of several rare plants and animals. Acquisition of the CARL?FF sites also will protect the coral reefs from the effects of development. ? Management of publicly acquired tracts will be phased in and will involve mainly removing exotic plants, preventing further habitat fragmentation, removing trash and debris, posting and some fencing of the sites, and establishing some basic visitor amenities at selected sites.


U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Crocodile Lake National Wildlife Refuge), Florida Department of Environmental Protection (Key Largo Hammock State Botanical Site, Curry Hammock State Park, John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park, and Long Key State Park), Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Areas), and private owners (remaining acreage of the Florida Keys Ecosystem CARL?FF Project, and Boot Key)


*tropical hammock, *mangrove forest, tidal marsh, coastal strand, estuarine, artificial

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