Fort Smallwood Park is a recreational urban park located on the western shore of the Chesapeake Bay at the mouth of the Patapsco River, about 11 miles south of Baltimore. Its location on a north pointing promontory, makes it one of the prime raptor migration bottlenecks in the mid-Atlantic region during the northward spring migration. The conservation value of the site is greatly enhanced by its long-term dataset of raptor counts, compiled over 22 years since 1981, and published on the HMANA (Hawk Migration Association of North America) website. The park is owned by the City of Baltimore.
Fort Smallwood is one of the prime raptor migration bottlenecks in the mid-Atlantic region during the northward spring migration. Most other Eastern hawkwatch sites are situated on inland ridges and record relatively small numbers during spring. An average Spring total of 11,000 raptors consists largely of Turkey Vulture, Sharp-shinned Hawk, and Broad-winged Hawk, and seven other species occur seasonally in numbers between 100 and 1,000.