Fort Stewart Military Reservation is an ecological treasure! It is 280,000 acres and is the largest U.S. Army Reservation east of the Mississippi. Protected from both agriculture and suburban development it is truly an island of relict ecosystems in the coastal plain of Georgia. The Ogeechee River forms part of the northeast boundary and the Canoochee River roughly bisects the base from the northwest to the southeast. In between are many kinds of wetlands including many isolated wetlands (an endangered ecosystem), sandhills, longleaf pine flatwoods, and diverse woodlands. Fort Stewart is to the southwest of Savannah, Georgia. It was created in 1940.

{link:For IBA map, click here.|}

Ornithological Summary

Flora on site includes plume tree, selky camellia. Fauna includes the flatwoods salamander, striped newt, indigo snake, gopher tortoise. The land was once used for tupentine industry and cattle.

Sighting Source Key: 1=published reports,; 2=surveys (CBC; BBS; etc.); 3=personal observations; 4=other sources (specify)

Conservation Issues

Threats and conservation issues listed were military training and RCW management.


Landowner/manager contact:
Lawrence D. Carlile
CHIEF, TES Management
Wildlife Management Branch
1177 Frank Cochran Drive
Fort Stewart, Ga 31314-4940
Phone: (912) 767-8241
FAX: (912) 767-9361
Mobile: (888) 288-2178


Longleaf Pine flatwoods and isolated wetlands make up 30% of the habitat on site. Fields make up 5% of the habitat types. Tidal marshes are freshwater.

Land Use

Fishing is included in hunting.

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