This site includes private, county-owned, and state lands (NYS DEC
WMA and State Forest). A variety of habitats are found at the site,
including extensive wetlands and two forest types: Alleganian and
sub-Canadian. The latter lies above 1,800', and contains native stands
of balsam fir (Abies balsamea). The site supports a diversity of birds and
other wildlife.

Ornithological Summary

The wetlands at this site are known to support migrant Pied-billed
Grebes, American Bitterns, Virginia Rails, Soras, Common Moorhens,
and Tundra Swans (400 in 1976). Pied-billed Grebes are probable breeders
and marsh bird surveys have detected Virginia Rails, Soras, and Common
Moorhens. The upland habitats support characteristic breeding species,
including the Cooper?s Hawk, Northern Goshawk, Red-shouldered
Hawk (breeding noted in 1997), Saw-whet Owl, Common Raven, Redbreasted
Nuthatch, Golden-crowned Kinglet, Chestnut-sided Warbler,
Blackburnian Warbler, Mourning Warbler, Canada Warbler, and
White-throated Sparrow. Some grassland habitat remains within the
state forest and supports breeding Northern Harriers, Vesper Sparrows,
Bobolinks, and Eastern Meadowlarks. Upland Sandpipers have been
regularly noted here during spring migration.

Conservation Issues

A 3,000-foot dike that impounds about 105 acres was completed in 2004.
This impoundment, along with beaver reoccupation, has increased the
amount of marsh habitat significantly. Management plans for the state
forest should incorporate the needs of wetland and forest bird species.
More inventory and monitoring of at-risk species is needed to better
understand bird use and to determine whether this site continues to
meet IBA criteria.

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