Anastasia State Park, 603 ha
Faver-Dykes State Park, 592 ha
Smyrna Dunes Park, 101 ha
Tomoka Basin GEOPark, 2788 ha
Tomoka Aquatic Preserve, 3237 ha
Washington Oaks Gardens State Park, 167 ha

Variable, but all are along or near the Atlantic Ocean between the Georgia state line and New Smyrna Beach, a distance of 115 miles (185 km). Listed geographically from north to south, the sites are Fort Clinch State Park, Anastasia State Park, Moses Creek Conservation Area, Faver-Dykes State Park, Washington Oaks Gardens State Park, Tomoka Marsh GEOpark, and Smyrna Dunes Park. Anastasia State Park is opposite St. Augustine in central St. Johns County, at the northern portion of Anastasia Island and along the eastern shoreline of the Matanzas River. Faver-Dykes State Park is on the mainland in extreme southeastern St. Johns County, east of Interstate 95 and along the north side of Pellicer Creek. Fort Clinch State Park occupies the northernmost tip of Amelia Island in extreme northeastern Nassau County, across the St. Mary's River from Cumberland Island, Georgia. Moses Creek Conservation Area is in southeast St. Johns County, north of County Road 206 and along the west side of the Matanzas River. Smyrna Dunes Park is north of New Smyrna Beach in northeastern Volusia County, occupying the northernmost tip of the barrier island south of Ponce de Leon Inlet. Tomoka Basin GEOpark, including Tomoka Marsh Aquatic Preserve, extends from Flagler Beach in southeastern Flagler County south to Ormond Beach in northeastern Volusia County, between Interstate 95 and the Intracoastal Waterway. Washington Oaks Gardens State Park is in extreme northeastern Flagler County on the east side of State Road A1A, and fronts both the Matanzas River and the Atlantic Ocean. Portions of this IBA are contiguous with the Mat

Ornithological Summary

Anastasia State Park: significant populations of Threatened, Special Concern, FCREPA, and Watch List species, significant numbers of shorebirds and larids; and significant natural habitats. Faver-Dykes State Park: significant natural habitats. Fort Clinch State Park: significant natural habitats. Moses Creek Conservation Area: significant numbers of Neotropical migrants and significant natural habitats. Smyrna Dunes Park: significant numbers of Neotropical migrants and significant natural habitats. Tomoka Basin GEOpark/Tomoka Marsh Aquatic Preserve: significant populations of Endangered, Threatened, and FCREPA species; significant numbers of wading birds; and significant natural habitats. Washington Oaks Gardens State Park: significant natural habitats.

All of these sites support large numbers of Neotropical migrants during spring and fall. Smyrna Dunes Park was one of two sites from which the largest fallout of Neotropical migrants in Florida was observed in a few hours during 17 October 1999, the day following the passage of Hurricane Irene. Anastasia Island supports significant populations of breeding and wintering shorebirds and larids, and breeding Painted Buntings. The Tomoka sites support large numbers of foraging wading birds and larids. Washington Oaks Gardens State Park supports some of the northernmost Florida Scrub-Jay groups remaining in Florida. Their habitat, overgrown from long-term fire suppression, is under restoration. Overall diversity of this IBA is 187 native species.

Conservation Issues

Anastasia State Park: human disturbance, cowbird brood parasitism. Faver-Dykes State Park: feral hogs. Moses Creek Conservation Area: feral hogs, runoff, exotic plants. Tomoka Basin GEOpark/Tomoka Marsh Aquatic Preserve: *exotic plants, human disturbance, habitat succession, feral hogs.

Anastasia State Park: Nesting areas are roped off against human disturbance. ? Beach access is limited to trails to protect the dunes. Most of the park is designated as a protected zone in the park management plan. ? The bird list could be improved substantially from surveys that target Neotropical migrants. Faver-Dykes State Park: fire-maintained habitats are prescribed-burned. Feral hogs are removed as needed. Moses Creek Conservation Area is surrounded by subdivisions, which complicates prescribed-fire management. Feral hogs and exotic plants are controlled as needed. Tomoka Basin GEOpark/Tomoka Marsh Aquatic Preserve: A Draft Management Plan was completed in June 2002. The primary objective is to preserve and restore ecological functions of natural habitats through prescribed fire, controlling exotics, and restoring wetland communities.

Ownership

U.S. Department of Transportation and the U.S. Coast Guard (Smyrna Dunes Park, managed by Volusia County Parks and Recreational Services), Florida Department of Environmental Protection (Anastasia State Park, Faver-Dykes State Park, Fort Clinch State Park, Tomoka Basin GEOpark, and Washington Oaks Gardens State Park), Florida Office of Coastal and Aquatic Areas (Tomoka Marsh Aquatic Preserve), St Johns River Water Management District (Moses Creek Conservation Area).

Habitat

*coastal strand (394 acres; 159 hectares), *estuarine and tidal marsh (527 acres; 213 hectares), maritime hammock (278 acres; 112 hectares). Faver-Dykes State Park: *pine flatwoods (421 acres; 170 hectares), *maritime hammock (649 acres; 262 hectares), sandhills (145 acres; 58 hectares), tidal marsh (167 acres; 67 hectares), floodplain swamp, cypress swamp, depression marsh. Moses Creek Conservation Area: *maritime hammock, *sandhills, *slash pine flatwoods, *tidal marsh, temperate hammock, sand pine scrub, estuarine. Smyrna Dunes Park: *coastal strand, *maritime hammock, tidal marsh, artificial. Tomoka Basin GEOpark/Tomoka Marsh Aquatic Preserve: *estuarine, *riverine, *tidal marsh, *maritime hammock, *pine flatwoods, hardwood swamp, pine plantation, sand pine scrub, xeric oak scrub, bayhead, sawgrass marsh, lacustrine, and artificial (?spoil? islands). Washington Oaks Gardens State Park: *maritime hammock, xeric oaks scrub, coastal strand, estuarine, gardens, artificial.

Land Use

Anastasia State Park: *conservation, *recreation. Faver-Dykes State Park: *conservation, *recreation. Fort Clinch State Park: *conservation, *recreation, *historic preservation. Moses Creek Conservation Area: *conservation, recreation. Smyrna Dunes Park: *conservation, *recreation. Tomoka Basin GEOpark/Tomoka Marsh Aquatic Preserve: *conservation, *recreation. Washington Oaks Gardens State Park: *conservation, recreation.

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