Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, East Coast Buffer, Everglades Buffer Strip North, Everglades and Francis S. Taylor Wildlife Management Area, Holey Land Wildlife Management Area, Rotenberger Wildlife Management Area, and Talisman property. Private lands are sought for public acquisition through the East Everglades Florida Forever Project and Stormwater Treatment Areas.

Much of southern and western Palm Beach County, central and western Broward County, and northwestern Miami-Dade County, from the Everglades Agricultural Area south to Everglades National Park. Contiguous with the Everglades National Park IBA to the south and the Big Cypress Swamp Watershed IBA to the west. Near the Loxahatchee River and Slough IBA to the north.

A vast area of Everglades marsh and agricultural lands that are part of Everglades restoration north of, and contiguous with, Everglades National Park. Most of the marsh portions of this IBA are accessible only via airboat. Many of the sites are State-owned Water Conservation Areas managed by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission as Wildlife Management Areas. Water Conservation Area 1 is leased to the Federal Government as Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, which was established in 1951. The Refuge originally was connected to the Loxahatchee River via Loxahatchee Slough, but this connection has been destroyed by urban development.  

Ornithological Summary

In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Water Conservation Areas supported probably most of the White-tailed Kite nests in Florida (3 nests in 1986, four in 1989, and three in 1990; +Curnutt and Hoffman 1992); more recent data are not available. Overall diversity is ____ native and ___ exotic species.

Conservation Issues

*exotic plants, *altered hydrology

In 1999, some Florida Legislators proposed breaking the lease of Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge with the federal Government and selling the Refuge to sugar cane and other agricultural interests (!). Fortunately, this appalling legislation failed to pass.


Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (Holey Land Wildlife Management Area and Rotenberger Wildlife Management Area), South Florida Water Management District (all other publicly owned sites; Everglades and Taylor Wildlife Management Area is managed by Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, and Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge is managed by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service), and private owners (remaining acreage of the East Everglades and Stormwater Treatment Areas SOR projects).


Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge: *wet prairie (56,478 acres; 22,856 hectares), *sawgrass marsh (28,042 acres; 11,348 hectares), *tree islands (21,915 acres; 8869 hectares), cattail marshes (5726 acres; 2317 hectares), freshwater impoundments (700 acres; 283 hectares), cypress swamp (400 acres; 161 hectares), open water (282 acres; 114 hectares), and sloughs (272 acres; 110 hectares).

Land Use

*conservation, *recreation, *water storage and supply, research, hunting

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