The Nulhegan Basin IBA is Vermont's largest IBA comprising a mosaic of forest and wetland habitat types. The predominance of boreal habitats is typical of forest found further to the north and as such supports a number of species rarely found in Vermont. The IBA is centered around the Nulhegan Basin and stretches from Lewis Pond in the north to the Granby Stream and its tributaries to the south. Included in this area are the Moose, Ferdinand and the Yellow bogs. Vermont Natural community types include Lowland and Montane Spruce-Fir forests, Northern Hardwood Forest, Spruce-Fir-Tamarack and Black Spruce swamps, Dwarf Shrub and Black Spruce Woodland bogs and Intermediate Fen.

Birds-
The extensive boreal habitat and associated wetlands are home to a number of rare species. Foremost is the state endangered Spruce Grouse whose largest population numbers are in this IBA. Common Loon, another state endangered species also nests on several ponds within the IBA. A number of priority species can also be found at this site including Gray Jay (S1), Cape May (S2), Wilson's (S1), Bay-breasted (S1), Palm and Tennessee (S2) warblers, Boreal Chickadee and Black-backed Woodpecker. Many of these species are found at few other locations in the state and represent a suite of birds usually found further to the north.

Conservation-
This IBA includes the Conte National Wildlife Refuge and Wenlock and West Mountain wildlife management areas as well as a number of other state owned lands. Much of this land was acquired through one of the largest land deals in Vermont. Controversy has revolved around management of the state lands and access to areas for timber harvesting. Surveys for Spruce Grouse are conducted every 2 years. Other issues include accidental shooting of Spruce grouse by hunters and invasive species.

Ornithological Summary

The extensive boreal habitat and associated wetlands are home to a number of rare species. Foremost is the state endangered Spruce Grouse whose largest population numbers are in this IBA. Common Loon, another state endangered species also nests on several ponds within the IBA. A number of priority species can also be found at this site including Gray Jay (S1), Cape May (S2), Wilson's (S1), Bay-breasted (S1), Palm and Tennessee (S2) warblers, Boreal Chickadee and Black-backed Woodpecker. Many of these species are found at few other locations in the state and represent a suite of birds usually found further to the north.

Conservation Issues

Timber extraction, development

Ownership

Individual, State, Private.

Habitat

Lowland spruce-fir, bogs, peatlands

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