Monroe County
<0.5 acre (<0.2 hectares)

In the Straits of Florida in extreme southern Monroe County, about 5 miles (8 km) south-southeast of Boca Chica Key

A tiny rubble islet in the coral reef outward of the mainline Florida Keys. Pelican Shoal is designated by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission as a Critical Wildlife Area.

Ornithological Summary

Significant populations of Threatened species; and significant numbers of larids

Pelican Shoal supports the only native-substrate breeding colony of Roseate Terns in Florida, and is the site of North America's first (and only) Bridled Tern breeding colony. Only a rudimentary bird list is available.

Conservation Issues

human disturbance, erosion

In 1987, Bridled and Roseate terns were discovered nesting on the shoal, but the following year, no birds nested. Evidence of ?extensive human disturbance? was found, including fire pits, shell casings, and shotgun shells +(Hoffman et al. 1993). In 1989, the shoal was posted, and was declared a Critical Wildlife Area in 1990. Human entry is forbidden during the nesting season (1 April?1 September).

Habitat

*coral rubble islet

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