Important Bird Areas

Promised Land State Park - Bruce Lake Natural Area

Pennsylvania

The site consists of a man-made lake with 2 wetlands complexes. The lake was formed by the damming of the east branch of the Wallenpaupack Creek. The northern swamp has a Balsam Fir stand and is where Olive-sided Flycatchers has been reported during summer months. The coniferous woods surrounding the wetlands consist of Pitch Pine, hemlock, Balsam Fir, Red Spruce and Black Spruce. The existence of Water Celery, Water Lily, and Water Lettuce indicate high water quality. The southern marsh mainly supports Wood Duck and Mallard. the variety of wetland habitats, including a Balsam Fir swamp, creates a diversity that is an important component of the landscape. Beaver, muskrat, and mink inhabit the park.

Directions: I-84 E from Scranton to Exit 7, Rt. 390. South on Rt. 390 to the Park.

{link:For conservation plan, click here|http://pa.audubon.org/IBA_Consplans/IBA62.pdf}

{link:For fact sheet, click here|http://pa.audubon.org/Sites/Site62.pdf}

Ornithological Summary

This is a high quality wetland with many undisturbed areas and an abundant food supply for waterfowl and piscivorous birds. The park is planning to erect Osprey nesting platforms on the lake to encourage expansion of the Osprey population in the area. Additional bird species include Wood Duck (B, SM, FM-200+/-) and a variety of warblers, including Yellow-rumped, Black-throated Blue and Black-throated Green.

Conservation Issues

Potential threats include recreational/development overuse, pollution, and the introduction of non-indigenous fauna.

The park is drafting a resource management plan for the lakes and surrounding areas. The plan will give guidelines for protection against potential threats. Motorized boats are prohibited and many areas are not easily accessible, offering additional protection.