Shortleaf Pine-Bluestem Grass Ecosystem Management Area is GLOBAL IBA and a U.S. Forest Service landscape-scale project designed to recover a population of Red-cockaded Woodpeckers. The land is dominated by mature shortleaf pine and mixed hardwood species, with an understory of grasses and forbs. Topography is east-west trending ridges and valleys. Nature and wildlife conservation, hunting and fishing, tourism, forestry, and research are some of the many uses of this property within Ouachita National Forest.

Ornithological Summary

Regulary supports significant densities of one or more of the bird species considered by Audubon as vulnerable in Arkansas. Red-cockaded Woodpecker (endangered species), and Bachman's Sparrow and Prairie Warbler (declining species). This site is the largest block of public land available for restoration of Red-cockaded Woodpeckers and associated bird species, located in the only purely shortleaf pine site in the woodpecker's range.

Conservation Issues

Restoring and maintaining pine-bluestem grass habitat on an ecosystem scale is the most important action required. Maintaining this large-scale habitat requires prescribed burning.


80% Upland Pine-Hardwood Forest
20% Lowland Pine-Hardwood Forest

Land Use

Nature and Wildlife Conservation, Hunting and Fishing, Other Recreation and Tourism, Forestry, Research.
Multiple-use area, Ouachita National Forest

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