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Hawaii IBAs by Type

IBA Priority Number Acres
Global 17 90,628,439
Total 17 90,628,439

As a volcanic island chain, Hawaii contains a unique assemblage of birds, many of which are found nowhere else in the world. Species such as the Nihoa Finch, 'O'u, Hawaii Creeper, Akepa, and Apapane are thought to be some of the most highly evolved species in the world, with very specialized survival strategies. These unique and highly specialized niches adapted by the birds have ultimately resulted in their vulnerability and decline. As a number of non-native species were brought to the islands by humans some of the unique habitat types were destroyed. Introductions of rabbits and goats caused changes in plant assemblages, destroying habitat and threatening many birds, and non-native predators consumed many birds eggs and destroyed nests. Given these and other threats, many of Hawaii's birds face significant conservation challenges. With Hawaii supporting such a high number of restricted-range species, {link:BirdLife International|http://www.birdlife.org} has identified three areas within the archipelago as Endemic Bird Areas. In addition, close to 40 bird species in Hawaii are currently categorized as Red on the {link:2007 WatchList|http://web1.audubon.org/science/species/watchlist/hawaiianSpecies.php}. Extensive efforts are underway to protect and enhance habitat and also to re-establish and expand declining bird populations. To date, a total of 17 Important Bird Areas have been identified throughout the state, thanks to the efforts of Eric VanderWerf and the Hawaii IBA Technical Committee. Click below to see a list and information for these IBAs. See maps {link:here|http://picasaweb.google.com/usibaprogram/HawaiiIBAs#} Feature IBA and bird photos: {link: Palila|http://www.audubon.org/bird/iba/hawaii/photos/Palila_Male.jpg}, {link: 'Elepaio|http://www.audubon.org/bird/iba/hawaii/photos/ELEP.jpg}, {link: Mauna Kea Mamane-naio forest |http://www.audubon.org/bird/iba/hawaii/photos/MaunaKea2.jpg} September 2008

Site Namesort descending Status Priority Counties IBA Criteria
Haleakala Recognized Global Maui
Hamakua Forests Recognized Global Hawaii
Hanalei National Wildlife Refuge Recognized Global Kauai
James Campbell National Wildlife Refuge Recognized Global Honolulu
Kau Forest Recognized Global Hawaii
Kauai Forests and Uplands Recognized Global Kauai
Kealia Pond National Wildlife Refuge Recognized Global Maui
Kilauea Point National Wildlife Refuge Recognized Global Kauai
Kona Forests Recognized Global Hawaii
Lana`ihale Recognized Global Maui
Lehua Islet Recognized Global Kauai
Mauna Kea Mamane-Naio Forest Recognized Global Hawaii
Mauna Loa-Kilauea Forests Recognized Global Hawaii
Molokai Forests Recognized Global Maui
Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Recognized Global Honolulu
Oahu Uplands Recognized Global Honolulu
Pearl Harbor National Wildlife Refuge Recognized Global Honolulu