Important Bird Areas

North Carolina

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North Carolina IBA Contact

Curtis Smalling

North Carolina IBAs by Type

IBA Priority Number Acres
Global 32 2,920,138
Continental 10 923,134
State 53 1,036,400
Total 95 4,879,672

Audubon's Important Bird Area (IBA) program is a conservation blueprint that helps Audubon, its partners, and landowners identify and safeguard the natural areas and landscapes that are most critical for maintaining bird populations, diversity, and habitats. In North Carolina, these living landscapes comprise more than 4.9 million acres ranging from man made islands where nesting coastal birds find refuge, to rugged Grandfather Mountain where challenging trails and scenic vistas attract tourists and hikers from all over the country. As watchful stewards of North Carolina's 97 IBAs, Audubon staff encourages landowners to use environmentally friendly practices and works with partners such as the N.C. Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Wildlife Resources Commission, and local land trusts to craft management plans that benefit key bird species and habitats within their holdings. Audubon North Carolina depends upon an army of volunteers, including members of the state's local chapters, to help monitor close to 80% of the IBAs in the state through the Adopt an IBA program and other monitoring programs. IBA data has been folded into all the state's major conservation initiatives, including the Statewide Comprehensive Conservation Plan. Through ongoing monitoring of bird and wildlife populations, Audubon biologists stay informed of the health and vitality of every IBA. If legislation or land management threaten IBAs and birdlife, Audubon intervenes with measured, science-based strategies. In 2011, Audubon North Carolina published the second iteration of our "Important Bird Areas of North Carolina", which features descriptions, species lists, and maps. Visit our state blog at to view the publication online or retrieve our GIS layer files for the IBAs across the state. We are always looking for volunteers to help us monitor the IBAs around the state. Visit the Adopt an IBA page of our website to learn how you can get involved!

Site Namesort descending Status Priority Counties IBA Criteria
Chowan River Bottomlands Recognized Global Bertie, Chowan, Gates, Hertford B3, D4i, D4ii
Clam Shoal Recognized State Dare D4i, D4iv
Cora June Island Recognized State Dare D4iv
Croatan Forest Recognized Global Carteret, Craven, Jones B3, D3, D4i
Currituck Marshes - Pine Island Recognized Global Currituck D3, D4i, D4ii
DOT Island Recognized State Dare D4i, D4iii
Dunahoe Bay Recognized State Robeson D4i, D4iii
Eagles Island Recognized Global Brunswick A1, D4i, D4v
Eno River Bottomlands Recognized State Durham, Orange D4i
Falls Lake Recognized State Durham, Granville, Wake D3, D4i
Ferry Slip Island Recognized Global New Hanover D4i, D4iv, D5
Grandfather Mountain Recognized State Avery, Caldwell, Watauga D3, D4i
Great Dismal Swamp Recognized State Camden, Gates, Pasquotank D4i
Great Island Recognized State Hyde D4i
Great Smoky Mountains National Park Recognized Continental Haywood, Swain B3, D3, D4i, D5
Green Swamp Recognized Continental Brunswick, Columbus B3, D3, D4i
Gull Island Recognized Global Dare D4i, D4iii, D4iv
Highlands Plateau Recognized Continental Jackson, Macon B3, D4i, D5
Hobucken Marshes - Gum Swamp Recognized State Pamlico D4i, D4ii, D4v
Hog Island Recognized State Hyde D4i


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