Approximately 60% (4,457 acres) of the site is ponded swamp, shrub, and scrub type wetland habitat. Because of the channelization levees that keeps water ponded 12 months a year, approximately 4,000 acres will have water on it most of the year. Some 6.6 miles of the North Fork Forked Deer River and 3.5 miles of the Middle Fork of the Forked Deer River transverse the management area. In addition, there are 6.6 miles of old North Fork River meanders and 2.64 miles of old Middle Fork River meanders in the management area. These meanders are included in the 4,000 acres of ponded swamp. There are small areas of quality bottomland hardwood scattered throughout.
Species associated with ponded swamp wetland habitat highlight this site. Mississippi Kite, a Tennessee In Need of Management species, averages 20 individuals and a maximum of 50 individuals using the site during the breeding season (1993-2004). Bald Eagle, a Tennessee In Need of Management species, averages 4 birds and a maximum of 8 birds during the winter (1993-2004). In spring 2005, one pair of eagles nested on the site. Shorebirds occur in small numbers. From 1995-1998, point counts were conducted and a total of 65 species were detected. Prothonotary Warbler was the most common neotropical migratory songbird, followed by Indigo Bunting, Acadian Flycatcher, Blue-grey Gnatcatcher, Great crested Flycatcher, and Yellow-billed Cuckoo. Large numbers of wading birds occur during migration. Waterfowl occur commonly after hunting seasons.