Woodbury Wildlife Management Area (WMA) is state and federally owned and managed by the SC Department of Natural Resources (DNR). It is a 25,688-acre tract located at the confluence of the Great and Little Pee Dee Rivers and contains approximately 27 miles of river frontage on the Great Pee Dee and 11.5 miles of frontage on the Little Pee Dee. /The overall forest composition is as follows: hardwood forests, loblolly pine, pine, mixed pine and open area. A total of 19.712 acres are classified as some type of wetland, of which 17,671 acres are forested. Numerous Carolina bays and oxbow lakes are found throughout the property.
The Woodbury Tract is bounded by two rivers, which served as major highways during the last 11,000 heaers of prehistory in this country. Cursory archaeological surveys indicated the presence of 13 potentially significant sites.
Cultural significance: Noteworthy is the Tan-yard area settled by the Michalls in early 1700 where hides were tanned and traded; home site of Joseph Britton; numerous cemeteries, one of which is where Brigadier General William Woodberry (1788-1851), who fought in the Revolutionary War, is buried; and a number of Native American sites.

Ornithological Summary

Woodbury Wildlife Management Area (WMA) is ornithologically significant for providing habitat to endangered species (Wood Stork), Global, Continental and State Species of Concern ( Little Blue Heron, Wood Stork, American Bittern, Northern Bobwhite, Swallow-tailed Kite, Red-headed Woodpecker, Wood Thrush, Rusty Blackbird), WatchListed Species (Swallow-tailed Kite, Northern Bobwhite, Red-headed Woodpecker, Brown-headed Nuthatch, Wood Thrush, Prairie Warbler, Prothonotary Warbler, Swainson's Warbler, Kentucky Warbler, Bachman's Sparrow, Rusty Blackbird), Species Assemblage Associated with a Representataive, Rare Habitat Type--Bald Cypress-Tupelo Gum Swamp and Bottomland Hardwood Forest (Swallow-tailed Kite,Prothonotary Warbler) and Important Bird Research Area. John Gerwin of the NC State Museum of Natural Science has used Woodbury WMA as a study site for Swainson's Warbler reserach from 1996-2008 where mist net stations and point counts were run each field season in addition to focused species work.
Swallow-tailed Kites have nesting neighborhoods in the vicinity of the WMA and use it as a foraging site.

Conservation Issues

A coal-fired generation plant has been proposed for this area. Initial plans suggest that the plant will be sighted approximately 10 miles upstream.
Feral hogs are present in large numbers especially in the bottomland areas and hunters are encouraged to harvest during established seasons. In addition, privet is found growing throughout the tract.

Ownership

Woodbury Wildlife Management Area is owned by the State of SC (SC DNR)

Greg Lynch
SC DNR
2007 Pisgah Road
Florence, SC 29501
803-661-4768

Habitat

The Woodbury Tract fronts on two river systems, the Little Pee Dee and The Great Pee Dee. The Little Pee Dee is a coastal blackwater river and is dominated by blackwater cypress-tupelo swamp. The Great Pee Dee, also relatively undisturbed, is a redwater river and is dominated by hardwood floodplain forest. The dominant forest composition is 15,618 acres of hardwood forests, mostly located in the low-lying river floodplains associated with the Great Pee Dee and Little Pee Dee rivers drainages. Species composition includes primarily oak (Quercus sp.), hickories (Caria sp.), gum (Nyssa sp.), ash (Fraxinus sp.) and cypress (Taxodium sp.) species. Various other early successional hardwoods such as willow (Salix sp.), sweetgum (Liquidambar sp.) and poplar (Liriodendron sp.) are prevalent especially within recent clearcuts.
The interior portion of the property contains dry sand ridges that historically have supported longleaf pine sandhills plant communities, and currently, approximately 8,983 acres of pine stands are present. Stands include 6,672 acres of plantation and naturally regenerated loblolly pine and 2,311 acres of plantation longleaf pine. The majority of these stands exist on a xeric sand ridge that runs slightly southeast to northwest along the long axis of the property. A total of 388 acres of open area are also present.
In addition, about a dozen Carolina bays (palustrine emergent wetlands), that are characterized as pond pine pocosin forest type, occur on the WMA. The property supports several oxbow lakes (lacustrine and riverine wetlands), which are relatively stable and are replenished regularly with flooding from the rivers.
Federally endangered Robust Redhorse (found only in NC,SC, and GA) and Short-nosed Sturgeon are found on Woodbury. State threatened species include: Sarvis Holly (Ilex amelanchier), Meadow Beauty (Rhexia aristosa), Baldwin's Nut Rush (Scleria baldwinii), and Powdery Thalia (Thalia dealbata).

Land Use

Woodbury WMA is used primarily as a conservation/natural area. Secondarily it is used for hunting and forestry.

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