Bird GuideHummingbirdsMexican Violetear

At a Glance

In the highlands of the American tropics, from Mexico to Nicaragua, this dark hummingbird is often common in forest clearings and edges. It is apparently somewhat nomadic, moving around among mountain ranges, and some wanderers reach our area, with a few found almost every year. Recorded many times in Texas, the species has also appeared in scattered locations from coast to coast and north as far as Canada.
Low Concern
Forests and Woodlands, Shrublands, Savannas, and Thickets, Urban and Suburban Habitats
Direct Flight, Hovering, Rapid Wingbeats

Range & Identification


4 3/4" (12 cm). Rather large for a hummingbird, with straight bill. Dark green with blue-violet ear patch and chest. Tail blue-green, crossed by blackish band.
About the size of a Sparrow
Wing Shape
Narrow, Pointed
Tail Shape
Notched, Rounded, Square-tipped

Songs and Calls

Call a dry tchap.
Call Pattern
Falling, Flat, Simple
Call Type
Buzz, Chirp/Chip, Hi

Climate Vulnerability

Conservation Status