Bird GuideNorthern Red Bishop
Northern Red Bishop
Euplectes franciscanus

At a Glance

Native to Africa, this colorful weaver is a popular cagebird, and escapees have established nesting populations in coastal southern California and in the Houston area in Texas. Escaped birds are sometimes seen elsewhere, especially in Florida, and the species is well established in Puerto Rico.
Perching Birds
Low Concern
Fields, Meadows, and Grasslands, Freshwater Wetlands, Shrublands, Savannas, and Thickets
Direct Flight, Hopping

Range & Identification


4 1/2" (11 cm). A compact, finch-like bird with a short tail. Adult male in breeding plumage is bright orange-red with a black cap, wings, and belly. Females, non-breeding males, and young are brown above, buffy yellow on the face and chest, with heavily streaked back and dark stripes on the head. Similar to some American sparrows, such as Grasshopper Sparrow, but its very short, rounded tail is distinctive.
About the size of a Sparrow
Black, Brown, Orange, Red, Tan, White, Yellow
Wing Shape
Rounded, Short
Tail Shape
Rounded, Short, Square-tipped

Songs and Calls

Song is a complex series of twittering and buzzing notes.
Call Type
Buzz, Chirp/Chip, Complex, Twitter


Widespread in semi-open habitats, including brushy thickets, overgrown fields, and the edges of marshes and ponds.



2-4 plain blue eggs. Incubation is by the female, about 2 weeks. Young: Female feeds the young in the nest for about 2 weeks until they fledge.

Feeding Behavior

Usually forages in small flocks, feeding on the ground or in dense low cover.


Feeds mainly on seeds, especially those of grasses; also some insects.


Male performs a courtship display by flying about slowly over his territory with his red and black body plumage fully puffed out. The male builds the nest, a spherical mass of plant stems with the entrance on the side, and the female adds finer material inside to line the nest.