At a Glance

Because it can be trained to imitate human speech, this chunky parrot has been popular in the cage bird trade. As a result, it is now endangered in the wild. Formerly widespread in Mexico and northern Central America, it is thought to have declined by 90 percent in it native range. Escaped cage birds have established feral flocks around Los Angeles and San Diego, California, and locally in southern Florida. The few seen in southern Texas are probably escapees also, although some might possibly be wild strays from the population in Mexico.
Perching Birds
Forests and Woodlands, Urban and Suburban Habitats
Direct Flight

Range & Identification


14" (36 cm). A chunky, heavy-bodied parrot with broad wings and a short tail. Mostly green, with a contrasting yellow head. Red on shoulders and on secondaries in wings, more obvious in flight. Juvenile has yellow restricted to forehead at first. Like other Amazona parrots, flies with stiff, shallow wingbeats.
About the size of a Crow
Wing Shape
Pointed, Tapered
Tail Shape
Rounded, Short, Square-tipped

Songs and Calls

Unlike other parrots they often fly silently but will sometimes emit low pitched human sounding screams. Clucking sound from young birds indicates hunger. In captivity this parrot is an exceptional mimic and may be taught to vocalize human speech. It is considered second only to the African Gray Parrot in this ability.

Climate Vulnerability

Conservation Status