Audubon Mural Project

Black-throated Blue Warbler by minusbaby

Location: 3637 Broadway, New York, NY 10031

Painted: 10/11/2015

Sponsored By: Alexander McKinnis

Climate Threat: None of the Black-throated Blue Warbler’s summer range is expected to remain stable by 2080, according to Audubon’s Birds and Climate Change Report. Learn more about the threats these species face at

About the Artist: Richard Alexander Caraballo, a.k.a. minusbaby, was born in New York City in 1975 and raised in its Lower East Side and Spanish Harlem neighborhoods. He studied at and dropped out of the Cooper Union’s art school in the mid-1990s. In the years since, he has built a strong reputation as an influential and exhibiting pixel artist, internationally recognized lo-fi electronic musician, and medium-defying collaborator. He lives in the Bronx with his wife and their two cats, Mista Lou and Pilot Supreme.

The Artist on the Bird: “I chose a Black-throated Blue Warbler because they travel from the northeastern United States to the Caribbean once the weather gets a bit too cold; a parallel to my grandmother’s trips from NYC to her native Puerto Rico and back in the 1970s though the 1980s. The symbols—at once familiar, but essentially indecipherable—reference its calls and song. I have a thing for black, white and blue, too.”

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