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A tunnel formed by red mangroves provides a channel that is likely used by alligators and perhaps an occasional endangered American crocodile. South Florida is the species’ last redoubt in this country. Diane Cook & Len Jenshel

Stepping Out

A tunnel formed by red mangroves provides a channel that is likely used by alligators and perhaps an occasional endangered American crocodile. South Florida is the species’ last redoubt in this country. Diane Cook & Len Jenshel
Below the  surface, the tangle of red mangrove roots functions as a protective  nursery for scores of juvenile fish species, from Goliath groupers to  barracudas, as well as a platform of oysters and other shellfish. Diane Cook & Len Jenshel
Black mangroves  have pneumatophores—“air carrier” in Greek—with an upward-growing root  that functions like a snorkel to supply oxygen to the tree in anaerobic  soils and at high tide. Diane Cook & Len Jenshel
Mangroves. Diane Cook & Len Jenshel
Mangroves. Diane Cook & Len Jenshel
Mangroves. Diane Cook & Len Jenshel
Mangroves. Diane Cook & Len Jenshel
Mangroves. Diane Cook & Len Jenshel
Mangroves. Diane Cook & Len Jenshel
A red mangrove  in the foreground shows off its prop roots. In the distance, one lone  mangrove begins to get established on an oyster bar. Within a decade,  the bar will likely be covered by an extensive stand of red mangroves. Diane Cook & Len Jenshel
A tunnel formed by red mangroves provides a channel that is likely used by alligators and perhaps an occasional endangered American crocodile. South Florida is the species’ last redoubt in this country. Diane Cook & Len Jenshel

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