Bird GuideHummingbirdsAnna's Hummingbird

At a Glance

This hardy little bird is a permanent resident along our Pacific Coast, staying through the winter in many areas where no other hummingbirds are present. More vocal than most hummingbirds, males have a buzzy song, often given while perched. In recent decades the species has expanded its range, probably helped along by flowers and feeders in suburban gardens; it now nests north to British Columbia and east to Arizona.
Low Concern
Arroyos and Canyons, Desert and Arid Habitats, Forests and Woodlands, Shrublands, Savannas, and Thickets, Urban and Suburban Habitats
Alaska and The North, California, Northwest, Rocky Mountains, Southeast, Southwest, Texas, Western Canada
Flitter, Hovering, Rapid Wingbeats

Range & Identification

Migration & Range Maps

Southwestern birds perform some east-west migration, with many Arizona birds moving west to California in mid-spring after nesting, returning in late summer. Others may be permanent residents.


4" (10 cm). Adult male has rose red on throat and crown (looks black or gold in some lights). Female plain green above, dingy gray below, often with red spots on throat. More stocky than Black-chinned or Costa's; unlike them, tends to hold tail still while hovering.
About the size of a Sparrow
Black, Gray, Green, Red, White
Wing Shape
Narrow, Rounded, Short
Tail Shape
Notched, Rounded, Short, Square-tipped

Songs and Calls

A sharp chip and a rapid chee-chee-chee-chee-chee.
Call Pattern
Call Type
Buzz, Chirp/Chip, Hi


Gardens, chaparral, open woods. Found in a wide variety of habitats within its range, including streamside groves, chaparral, open oak woodland, coastal sage scrub, gardens, city parks. Most common in lowlands and lower mountain slopes, but may wander to high mountain meadows in late summer.



2. White. Incubation is by female only, 14-19 days.


Female feeds the young, sticking her bill deep into their mouths and regurgitating tiny insects, perhaps mixed with nectar. Age of young at first flight about 18-23 days.

Feeding Behavior

At flowers, usually feeds while hovering, extending its bill and long tongue deep into the center of the flower. At feeders, may either hover or perch. To catch small insects, may fly out and take them in midair, or hover to pluck them from foliage.


Mostly nectar and insects. Takes nectar from flowers, and will feed on tiny insects as well. Will also feed on sugar-water mixtures in hummingbird feeders.


May begin nesting in December, or even earlier. In courtship display, male hovers in midair, giving buzzy song, then flies much higher; he then dives steeply toward the female, making a loud explosive popping sound at the bottom of the dive. Also buzzes back and forth in front of female in short shuttling flights. Nest site is variable, usually on a branch of tree or shrub, sometimes in vines, on wires, under eaves. Usually 4-25 feet above ground, can be lower or higher. Nest (built by female) is a compact cup of plant fibers and spider webs, lined with plant down and sometimes feathers, the outside camouflaged with lichens.

Climate Vulnerability

Conservation Status

Since the 1950s, has expanded its breeding range both north and east. Very common in much of its range, adapting well to suburban areas.

Climate Map

Audubon’s scientists have used 140 million bird observations and sophisticated climate models to project how climate change will affect the range of the Anna's Hummingbird. Learn even more in our Audubon’s Survival By Degrees project.

Climate Threats Facing the Anna's Hummingbird

Choose a temperature scenario below to see which threats will affect this species as warming increases. The same climate change-driven threats that put birds at risk will affect other wildlife and people, too.

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