At a Glance

This Texas specialty is almost identical to the Tropical Kingbird, and was considered a race of that species until the 1980s. However, their voices are quite different, and they live side by side in eastern Mexico without interbreeding. Couch's Kingbirds are common around woodland edges and near ponds and rivers in southern Texas during the summer, and a few remain all winter there.
Perching Birds, Tyrant Flycatchers
Low Concern
Forests and Woodlands, Lakes, Ponds, and Rivers, Shrublands, Savannas, and Thickets
Florida, Texas
Direct Flight, Hovering

Range & Identification

Migration & Range Maps

Present all year in southern Texas, but more common in summer; winter numbers are variable. Rarely strays north along Gulf Coast; accidental east to Florida.


8 1/2" (22 cm). Like Western and Cassin's Kingbirds but tail dusky brown, with notch at tip; yellow extends farther up chest; bill heavier. Tropical Kingbird, uncommon in south Texas, almost identical but has different voice.
About the size of a Crow, About the size of a Robin
Black, Gray, Green, White, Yellow
Wing Shape
Tail Shape
Forked, Notched

Songs and Calls

A series of queer notes, followed by puit-puwit-puwit-pawitcheew. Call a short kip.
Call Pattern
Falling, Flat, Rising, Undulating
Call Type
Buzz, Chirp/Chip, Hi, Scream, Trill, Whistle


River groves, scattered trees. In southern Texas, found mainly in native woodland near rivers, also in dense brushland or chaparral, especially near water. May also occur around larger trees in towns. In Mexico, found in semi-open country, roadsides, forest edges.



3-4, sometimes 5. Pinkish to warm buff, blotched with brown and lavender. Details of incubation not well known, but probably by female, a little over 2 weeks.


Probably both parents feed young. Age of young at first flight not well known, probably between 2 and 3 weeks.

Feeding Behavior

Forages mostly by watching from a perch, then flying out to capture insects, returning to perch to eat them. Many insects are caught in mid-air; also hovers briefly while taking them from foliage, and may swoop down to take insects from just above (or on) the ground.


Mostly insects. Diet is not known in detail, but apparently feeds mostly on insects, including large ones such as beetles, grasshoppers, wasps, and large flies. Also eats some berries and small fruits.


Nesting behavior is not well known, probably similar to that of Tropical Kingbird. Adults are aggressive in chasing larger birds away from the vicinity of the nest. Nest site is usually on horizontal limb of tree, 8-25' above the ground. Nest (probably built by female) is a bulky flat cup of twigs, leaves, Spanish moss, weeds, and strips of bark, lined with fine materials such as plant down, rootlets, and softer parts of Spanish moss.

Climate Vulnerability

Conservation Status

Numbers in Texas probably stable. In Mexico, may have increased in some areas with partial clearing of forest, decreased in other areas where clearing has been total.

Climate Map

Audubon’s scientists have used 140 million bird observations and sophisticated climate models to project how climate change will affect the range of the Couch's Kingbird. Learn even more in our Audubon’s Survival By Degrees project.

Climate Threats Facing the Couch's Kingbird

Choose a temperature scenario below to see which threats will affect this species as warming increases. The same climate change-driven threats that put birds at risk will affect other wildlife and people, too.