When I started out as a wildlife photographer, I couldn’t imagine spending $10,000 on a telephoto lens. I had to find a way to snap great portraits at closer range. My frugality forced me to get creative and make memorable images with the modest kit I already owned.
I turned to remote triggers. Like using a remote to turn on your TV, camera triggers allow photographers to activate the shutter without physically holding the camera. Since I wasn’t there to scare away the animals, I could place the camera closer to my subjects. The only investment required was a small transmitter, a receiver, and a hefty dose of patience.
As I've learned in years of documenting conservation issues from remote corners of the world to my home state of Florida, it's amazing what you can capture when not standing behind the camera. Birds will carry on as if no one were watching, allowing for intimate portraits. My approach to wildlife photography—and the way I saw the world—completely changed. Below are some tips to help you get started with remote triggers.
Choose Your Gear
Today, there are dozens of options for triggering your camera remotely. Most modern DSLR cameras can be operated using a mobile app; the caveat is a limited range of around 15 to 30 feet. For some situations, this might be sufficient, but for most wild animals, you want to remove any human influence. This normally requires a greater working distance, and thus a stronger signal.
I recommend a third-party system. The simplest setups require only two transceivers, one that you hold and manually depress, and another to receive the signal that triggers the camera. These options range anywhere from $30 to $150, and typically the cheapest work just as well as the top-of-the-line models. The downside is that once you set the camera out, you have no control over the settings. More sophisticated and expensive systems, such as the CamRanger Mini ($200), create a robust Wi-Fi hotspot with a several-hundred-foot range and enable your phone or tablet to control camera settings and review each image.
Find a Good Location
The most common way to use a wireless trigger is with wildlife that has somewhat predictable behavior, such as vultures that feed on carcasses or songbirds that come to a feeder. For example, I knew that on Kanapaha Prairie in Gainesville, Florida, a pair of resident Sandhill Cranes have learned they can count on the leavings of birds and squirrels near a bird feeder. The cranes make a stop through my parents’ backyard most afternoons to check the ground for seeds from the morning forage. Instead of waiting in a blind with a long lens for hours, I set my camera out with a wide angle, covered it with some Spanish moss and monitored it from the comfort of the living room, only 100 feet away.
Just remember, in choosing a spot, make sure to follow appropriate ethical considerations. Even without your presence, your camera can still spook wildlife, and setting up next to nests should be avoided unless working with a trained biologist or documenting a very social colony.
Consider the Camera's Perspective
Remote triggers force the photographer to frame an image around an idea. You must deliberately choose a camera angle and background long before the subject arrives and work through the scenarios, such as an unexpected rainstorm or a low battery, that could ruin the desired result. The mental exercise of conceptualizing and engineering a photograph into fruition will elevate your craft from a taking photos to making them.
Play around with the best and most interesting placements for your camera and find local natural materials like sticks and foliage to help camouflage your equipment. Depending on the subject, you also might consider protecting your camera with a plastic container or housing. Because you’ll be up-close, use a wide-angle lens if you do have one. You'll have more options for composition and showing your subject's surroundings.
In my example, after making a few images of Sandhill Cranes that I was happy about, I decided to take it a step further. Digging a hole in the sand and burying my camera, I could see the bug’s-eye view of sandhills foraging. These are wild birds, but by identifying a pattern and planning ahead, I was able to create a fresh perspective on a familiar subject.
Tips for Settings
If you’re not able to control your camera’s settings once you leave it, you’ll want to consider a few things. You can usually counteract not knowing exactly where the subject will be by setting a smaller aperture (a higher f-stop value). This, however, then means that your shutter speeds will be slower, which a high ISO value can help overcome. I frequently shoot ISO 3200 at f/9 or f/11 for wireless shooting.
Make sure your battery is fully charged if you're leaving the camera out for long periods of the day, and try to shoot in Aperture Priority or Shutter Priority. In these modes the camera can automatically adjust to balance light as it changes. Otherwise, Manual Mode is ideal for locking in ambient light and being certain of your exposure. The last step is to set focus. Turn off auto-focus, set a focal point of where you expect your subject to be, take a test frame, step away and then cross your fingers.
If your system allows you to change your settings, it’s even easier. But always keep this in mind: You’re going to have learn by trial and error. The success ratio for remote trigger photos is lower than for handheld photography. However, when done correctly, the results bring viewers into a perspective that they would have never believed possible.
Today, even though I do now own quite expensive telephoto lenses, more than often I leave the big glass behind and turn to remote triggers because of the unique photo opportunities the approach provides.
Mac Stone is a conservation photographer and frequent contributor to Audubon. His work focuses on wetlands, and his latest project explores the country's remaining old-growth swamps.