Colombia is one of the world's megadiverse countries, home to almost 10% of the planet's biodiversity. It is also the country with the greatest variety of birds on Earth, with nearly 2,000 species, including more than 200 migratory and 80 endemic species. That is why Colombia is already recognized as the country of birds.
Half of the birds that breed in the United States and Canada rely for most of their lives on intact habitat in Latin America and the Caribbean. Colombia's diverse geographies include important sites for Audubon's coastal and forest priority species. By focusing on key sites in the country, we help conserve essential wintering areas for these species.
Like other countries on which birds depend in Latin America, Colombia has dynamic social, economic, and political conditions. The end of armed conflict in the country has presented both opportunities and challenges for conservation. Although scientific field research and bird tourism have flourished (prior to the Covid-19 pandemic), unsustainable agriculture, forestry, and mining increasingly threaten essential bird habitats. The region also faces problems related to climate change impacts, such as water and food security.
Where we work in Colombia
How we work in Colombia
Colombia's 2030 National Conservation Strategy
A coalition of organizations, including Audubon Americas, the Humboldt Institute, and the National Birding Network, along with other stakeholders, have joined together to formulate a new national strategy that addresses the critical needs of birds in the coming decades.
Learn more about this strategy.
Focal Species in Colombia
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