Photo: Raymond Klass/Alamy

Size: 
341 sq. mi.

Minnesota is one of the fastest warming states in the U.S. Its winters are becoming milder and its snowfall less consistent—and this is especially true in boreal forests like those in Voyageurs National Park. The park’s climate is likely to improve for dozens of bird species which may colonize the park from the south in summer or winter. However, Minnesota’s iconic Common Loon may find less suitable climate in the park by 2050, while other bird species could be extirpated, like Red-breasted Mergansers, Hairy Woodpeckers, Gray Jays, and a number of charismatic warblers. Park managers should track bird populations to determine priority areas for habitat management within the park.

  • summer
  • winter

Suitable climate for these species is currently available in the park. This list is derived from National Park Service Inventory & Monitoring data and eBird observations. Note, however, there are still imperfections in these datasets.

These are species that may find the new climate conditions of this park suitable by 2050. But projected changes in climate suitability are not definitive predictions of future species ranges or abundances. Numerous other factors affect where species occur, including habitat quality, food abundance, species adaptability, and the availability of microclimates.

Within this park, suitable climate for these birds ceases to occur by 2050. Species may either adapt to the park’s new climate or may follow suitable climate elsewhere.

Suitable climate for these species is currently available in the park. This list is derived from National Park Service Inventory & Monitoring data and eBird observations. Note, however, there are still imperfections in these datasets.

These are species that may find the new climate conditions of this park suitable by 2050. But projected changes in climate suitability are not definitive predictions of future species ranges. Numerous other factors affect where species occur, including habitat quality, food abundance, species adaptability, and the availability of microclimates.

Within this park, suitable climate for these birds ceases to occur by 2050. Species may either adapt to the park’s new climate or may follow suitable climate elsewhere.

This Park in Context

The extent of turnover, potential colonization, and potential extirpation varies among the 53 national parks featured on this website. Below, see how this park compares to others in summer and winter. Click on a circle to explore results for another park.

  • summer
  • winter

American Goldfinch. Photo: Lynn Cleveland/Audubon Photography Awards